humans and nonhumans, or yoga for chickens
In 2014 Scott Pruitt, controversial ex-head of the EPA in the US, challenged a Californian law that required chickens to be kept in cages big enough for them to extend their wings. "It's almost like having a cage that's air-conditioned, and they can do yoga", he said.
The opposite point to Pruitt's is expressed in Sy Montgomery's book Soul of an Octopus. For Montgomery, and others, animals are individuals. Like humans, they have an inborn temperament, a way of seeing the world that interacts with the environment, and that shapes personality.
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